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Predicting Change Prone Classes in Open Source Software

Predicting Change Prone Classes in Open Source Software
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Author(s): Deepa Godara (Uttarakhand Technical University, Sudhowala, India), Amit Choudhary (Maharaja Surajmal Institute, Delhi, India)and Rakesh Kumar Singh (Uttarakhand Technical University, Sudhowala, India)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 23
Source title: Research Anthology on Usage and Development of Open Source Software
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-9158-1.ch034

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Abstract

In today's world, the heart of modern technology is software. In order to compete with pace of new technology, changes in software are inevitable. This article aims at the association between changes and object-oriented metrics using different versions of open source software. Change prediction models can detect the probability of change in a class earlier in the software life cycle which would result in better effort allocation, more rigorous testing and easier maintenance of any software. Earlier, researchers have used various techniques such as statistical methods for the prediction of change-prone classes. In this article, some new metrics such as execution time, frequency, run time information, popularity and class dependency are proposed which can help in prediction of change prone classes. For evaluating the performance of the prediction model, the authors used Sensitivity, Specificity, and ROC Curve. Higher values of AUC indicate the prediction model gives significant accurate results. The proposed metrics contribute to the accurate prediction of change-prone classes.

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