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Routing Protocol Design Issues and Challenges in Underwater Wireless Sensor Network

Routing Protocol Design Issues and Challenges in Underwater Wireless Sensor Network
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Author(s): Monika Choudhary (Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India) and Nitin Goyal (Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 15
Source title: Energy-Efficient Underwater Wireless Communications and Networking
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Nitin Goyal (Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India), Luxmi Sapra (Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India) and Jasminder Kaur Sandhu (Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chitkara University, Punjab, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3640-7.ch001

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Abstract

An underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN) is a group of spatially distributed sensors for monitoring the physical changes of underwater environment and organize the measured data at a base station. Out of many big challenges in this field, network protocol design is of great concern due to the idiosyncratic nature of underwater environment. As underwater sensor networks are very much distinct in nature from terrestrial network so as the challenges, some of the major issues of concern in underwater environment are long propagation delay, available bandwidth, error rate, restricted battery power, movement of sensor nodes, etc. Because of all these issues and challenges, the routing protocols for terrestrial network can't be implemented in UWSNs. Hence, there is demand for new and different routing protocols for UWSNs. In this chapter, an overall survey of various routing protocols along with pros and cons are explained with challenges for designing new routing protocols for vast and enormous UWSNs.

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