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Sharing Ontologies and Rules Using Model Transformations

Sharing Ontologies and Rules Using Model Transformations
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Author(s): Milan Milanovic (University of Belgrade, Serbia), Dragan Djuric (University of Belgrade, Serbia), Dragan Gasevic (Athabasca University, Canada) and Vladan Devedzic (University of Belgrade, Serbia)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 22
Source title: Handbook of Research on Emerging Rule-Based Languages and Technologies: Open Solutions and Approaches
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Adrian Giurca (Brandenburg Technology University at Cottbus, Germany), Dragan Gasevic (Athabasca University, Canada) and Kuldar Taveter (University of Melbourne, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-402-6.ch020

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Abstract

Web Ontology Language (OWL), Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) and Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) are technologies being developed in parallel, but by different communities. They have common points and issues and can be brought closer together. Many authors have so far stressed this problem and have proposed several solutions. The result of these efforts is the recent OMG’s initiative for defining an ontology development platform. However, the problem of transformation between Semantic Web ontology and rule languages and MDE-based languages has been solved using rather partial and ad hoc solutions, most often by XSLT. In this paper, we relations between the Semantic Web languages and MDE-compliant languages as separate technical spaces. In order to achieve a synergy between these technical spaces, we present ontology and rule languages in terms of MDE standards, recognize relations between the OWL and SWRL langauges and MDE-based ontology languages, and propose mapping techniques. In order to illustrate the approach, we use an MDE-defined architecture that includes the ontology and rule metamodels and ontology UML Profile. We also show how MDE techniques, such as model transformations, can be used to enable sharing rules and ontologies by using REWERSE Rule Markup Language (R2ML), a proposal for a general rule language. The main benefit of this approach is that it keeps the focus on the language concepts (i.e., languages’ abstract syntax - metamodels) rather than on technical issues caused by different concrete syntax. Yet, we also provide transformations that bridge between both languages’ concrete (XML) and abstract (MOF) syntax.

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