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Socio-Cultural Barriers of Female Ex-Combatants' Social Re-Integration in Sri Lanka

Socio-Cultural Barriers of Female Ex-Combatants' Social Re-Integration in Sri Lanka
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Author(s): Kana Takamatsu (International Christian University, Japan)
Copyright: 2023
Pages: 11
Source title: Research Anthology on Modern Violence and Its Impact on Society
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-7464-8.ch063

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Abstract

This chapter identifies the post-conflict social barriers to the social reintegration of female ex-combatants. This study refers to the case of Sri Lanka concerning the conflict between the government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) that ended in 2009. During the conflict, the LTTE actively recruited female combatants, and women consisted of a significant number of the entire LTTE combatants. However, after the end of the conflict and even today, many of them are rejected by the community. First of all, the LTTE was fighting for Tamil's independence, but Tamil's community has expressed mixed opinions toward the LTTE. Second, female ex-combatants were then and are now a divergence from the gender norms of their society. Third, from their roles in the conflict, female ex-combatants experienced an indelible change in their ideas through the conflict and observed themselves as capable of being independent women. Consequently, they felt a high level of resistance to returning to traditional gender roles.

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