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IT Governance in SMEs: The State of Art

IT Governance in SMEs: The State of Art
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Author(s): Rodrigo Franklin Frogeri (Universidade FUMEC, Belo Horizonte, Brazil & Centro Universitário do Sul de Minas - UNISMG, Varginha, Brazil), Daniel Jardim Pardini (Universidade FUMEC, Belo Horizonte, Brazil), Ana Maria Pereira Cardoso (Universidade FUMEC, Belo Horizonte, Brazil), Liz Áurea Prado (Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Minas Gerais - CEFETMG & Centro Universitário do Sul de Minas - UNISMG, Varginha, Brazil), Fabrício Pelloso Piurcosky (Centro Universitário do Sul de Minas - UNISMG, Aeroporto, Brazil) and Pedro dos Santos Portugal Junior (Centro Universitário do Sul de Minas - UNISMG, Aeroporto, Brazil)
Copyright: 2019
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Pages: 19
Source title: International Journal of IT/Business Alignment and Governance (IJITBAG)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Wim Van Grembergen (University of Antwerp – Antwerp Management School, Belgium), Steven De Haes (University of Antwerp – Antwerp Management School, Belgium) and Lazar Rusu (Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden)
DOI: 10.4018/IJITBAG.2019010104

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Abstract

The adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) leads to cost reduction in processes and organizational effectiveness. The effective use of ICTs, however, greatly depends on their good governance, especially due to the impact generated by investments in information and communication technologies. In this scenario, we aimed at defining the state of art of IT governance in SMEs. A broad review of the literature on IT governance in SMEs was performed. The results indicated a field of research with little development, with 32 studies identified until the year 2018. Three research lines were observed. Initially, the researchers have discussed the barriers and characteristics of ITG in SMEs. In the next step, the studies were directed to the establishment of an ITG framework applicable to SMEs reality. The last line of research observed the IT capacities in relation to the environment in which the SME operates. The studies indicated a prevalence of qualitative approaches under the positivist paradigm.

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