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Global Natural Hazard and Disaster Vulnerability Management

Global Natural Hazard and Disaster Vulnerability Management
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Author(s): Nkemdilim Maureen Ekpeni (University of Lagos, Nigeria) and Amidu Owolabi Ayeni (University of Lagos, Nigeria)
Copyright: 2018
Pages: 22
Source title: Handbook of Research on Environmental Policies for Emergency Management and Public Safety
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Augustine Nduka Eneanya (University of Lagos, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3194-4.ch005

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Abstract

This chapter examines both concept of global hazard and disaster and its management in the lights of its vulnerability. It categorized the different types of hazards and disasters and their components. From the research findings, it is observed that hazards and disaster are two sides of a coin. They occur at the interface between human systems and natural events in our physical environments. This chapter highlights that the major environmental changes driving hazards and vulnerability to disasters are climate change, land-use changes, and degradation of natural resources. After presenting a typology of disasters and their magnitude globally, management of disaster has transited from just being a “response and relief”-centric approach to a mitigation and preparedness approach.

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