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Human Systems Engineering and Educational Technology

Human Systems Engineering and Educational Technology
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Author(s): Rod D. Roscoe (Arizona State University, USA), Russell J. Branaghan (Arizona State University, USA), Nancy J. Cooke (Arizona State University, USA)and Scotty D. Craig (Arizona State University, USA)
Copyright: 2018
Pages: 34
Source title: End-User Considerations in Educational Technology Design
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Rod D. Roscoe (Arizona State University, USA), Scotty D. Craig (Arizona State University, USA)and Ian Douglas (Arizona State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2639-1.ch001


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The design and development of educational technologies is a complex, interdisciplinary endeavor. Learning science research reveals principles of learning and instruction, and advances in computer science implement these principles in innovative technologies. This chapter promotes a complementary discipline—human systems engineering or “user science”—that emphasizes designing with human users' goals, needs, capabilities, and limitations in mind. Systematic and iterative human systems engineering should contribute to educational technologies that are more functional, usable, desirable, and ultimately more effective. The authors overview key human systems engineering principles (e.g., usability and user experience) and methods (e.g., cognitive task analysis, contextual inquiry, heuristic evaluation, and participatory design), and then consider example applications from research on automated writing evaluation technologies. The chapter concludes with broad research questions posed to researchers, developers, and educators in the field of educational technology.

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