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Impact of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Regions and Strategic Responses

Impact of Sea Level Rise on Coastal Regions and Strategic Responses
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Author(s): Pedro Miguel Gomes (New University of Lisbon, Portugal) and Francisco Sacramento Gutierres (Eurecat – Technology Centre of Catalonia, Spain)
Copyright: 2018
Pages: 17
Source title: Handbook of Research on Environmental Policies for Emergency Management and Public Safety
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Augustine Nduka Eneanya (University of Lagos, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3194-4.ch013


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This chapter includes an assessment of physical vulnerability of the coast, including a coastal vulnerability index composed of 9 physical variables—elevation, distance to shore, tide amplitude, significant wave weight, erosion/accretion rates, geology, geomorphology, ground cover vegetation, and anthropogenic actions—followed by a quantification of coastal recession and the data of special report on emissions scenarios (SRES) developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the rise in average sea level. It includes an estimate of the economic value of an area of recreation based on the travel cost method. Finally, a bibliographic review is made to assess strategies and responses to the impacts of sea level rise in order to make comparisons and to develop a road map of interventions for shoreline protection. The proposed methodology was applied to a case study on the Portuguese coast corresponding to the beaches of Costa de Caparica, Almada.

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