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Mapping of Areas Presenting Specific Risks to Firefighters Due to Buried Technical Networks

Mapping of Areas Presenting Specific Risks to Firefighters Due to Buried Technical Networks
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Author(s): Amélie Grangeat (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France), Stéphane Raclot (Brigade de Sapeurs Pompiers de Paris (BSPP), France), Floriane Brill (Brigade de Sapeurs Pompiers de Paris (BSPP), France) and Emmanuel Lapebie (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 18
Source title: Improving the Safety and Efficiency of Emergency Services: Emerging Tools and Technologies for First Responders
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2535-7.ch001

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Abstract

Vehicles or freight cars on fire below a bridge or inside a tunnel are exceptional events and imply difficult intervention conditions for firefighters. A buried technical network like high voltage electricity line, gas or steam pipeline around such a fire causes additional specifics risks. Vulnerability areas for firefighters are zones where both factors exist: a difficult incident area together with a specific risk like buried networks. They require intervention teams with specific emergency response capabilities. The paper proposes a method developed for the Paris Fire Brigade for vulnerability mapping. Results aim at improving the mobilization in allocating directly the specific responses capabilities intervention teams. Results are debated from an operational point of view. Cutting off several network lines during firefighters' interventions may strongly affect the society. In case of simultaneous incidents in vulnerable areas, firefighters could be an early warning system and inform authorities of the risk of services disruption.

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