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Pharmacology and Phytochemistry of Coriander

Pharmacology and Phytochemistry of Coriander
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Author(s): Sonia Singh (GLA University, Mathura, India), Nitin Agrawal (Faculty of Pharmacy, Raja Balwant Singh Engineering Technical Campus, India) and Isha Mishra (GLA University, Mathura, India)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 24
Source title: Ethnopharmacological Investigation of Indian Spices
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Neha Mishra (Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2524-1.ch014


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Coriander, named as Coriandrum sativum Linn, belongs to the family Umbelliferae and is one of the most popular and well-known spices/condiments and herbal medicines. The essential oils and fatty oils are the two major active chemical constituents present in the plant. The other minor ingredients found to be present are monoterpenes hydrocarbons i-e limonene, γ-terpinene, α-pinene, p-cymene, borneol, citronellol, camphor, geraniol, and geraniol acetate and abd heterocyclic components such as pyrazine, pyridine, thiazole, furan and tetrahudrofuran derivatives, isocoumarins, coriandrin, dihydrocoriandrin, coriandrons A-E, flavonoids. The volatile oil from the leaf contains aromatic acids such as 2-decenoic acid, E-11-tetradecenoic acid, undecyl alcohol, tridecanoic acid, capric acid, undecanoic acid, and more. The current pharmacological research reveals the application of coriander has antibacterial and antifungal activity.

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