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Sustainable Agriculture: Between Sustainable Development and Economic Competitiveness

Sustainable Agriculture: Between Sustainable Development and Economic Competitiveness
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Author(s): Adrian Turek (Institute of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Romania & University Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania)
Copyright: 2013
Pages: 17
Source title: Sustainable Technologies, Policies, and Constraints in the Green Economy
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Andrei Jean-Vasile (Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti, Romania), Turek Rahoveanu Adrian (Institute of Research for Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Romania), Jonel Subic (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade, Serbia) and Dorel Dusmanescu (Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti, Romania)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4098-6.ch012

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Abstract

Agriculture has the objective of producing food by growing plants and raising animals, but being a productive activity, depending on the technologies used, the level of intensification and specialization may result in natural resources and environmental degradation: soil, water, air. By the early 1990s, Romania practiced an intensive agriculture based on the concentration and specialization of production. Intensive chemical treatments were used to control weeds, pests, and diseases. After reconstitution ownership of agricultural land was practiced an extensive agriculture with minimal inputs. There are used small amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides; monoculture or short rotation is practiced. Both agricultural systems affect the environment and natural resources, endangering their long-term productive potential. In this context, a viable alternative to these agricultural systems is sustainable agriculture that combines harmoniously tillage, crop rotation, crop rotation length, use of agrochemical substances to achieve stable production, while preserving quality of resources.

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