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Technology Transfer to Least Developed Countries Through Global Standards

Technology Transfer to Least Developed Countries Through Global Standards
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Author(s): Hans Teichmann (Independent Researcher, Switzerland)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 18
Source title: Shaping the Future Through Standardization
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Kai Jakobs (RWTH Aachen University, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2181-6.ch011


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For the economic growth in least developed countries (LDCs), the transfer of technical and scientific know-how is an uncontested necessity. Poverty and underdevelopment in LDCs are interrelated features. Technology transfers may fail, however, unless varied constraints are taken into account. The focus of this study is on obstacles to an efficient technology transfer to LDCs, and on the major role which global, bilingual standards can play in this process. The global standards setting organizations International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) have recognized the need for a general, comprehensive, and effective support of the LDCs' bodies for national quality infrastructure (NQI). Standardization is not only a vital socio-economic function in itself, but standards represent part of much wider, essential infrastructures. Three stakeholder groups are particularly concerned: the users of the global standards in LDCs, the global standards setting organizations, and the individual National Quality Infrastructure bodies.

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