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Resistance Phenotypes and Surveillance

Resistance Phenotypes and Surveillance
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Author(s): Shahrukh Khan (Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy, India) and Jyoti Joshi (Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy, India & Amity Institute of Public Health, Amity University, India)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 15
Source title: Strategies to Overcome Superbug Invasions: Emerging Research and Opportunities
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Dimple Sethi Chopra (Punjabi University, India) and Ankur Kaul (Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0307-2.ch001

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Abstract

The emergence of drug resistance complicates surveillance and treatment of antimicrobial phenotypes. For example, the rise of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae influence delivery of care. Moreover, a lack of surveillance programs in most of the developing world exacerbates the problem of MDR. Existing studies in humans are mostly retrospective single-center surveillance-based studies that look at the molecular makeup and prevalence of phenotypic resistance for several pathogens. Very few studies examined infection prevention measures or antimicrobial stewardship activities, and of those that did, none of them were multicenter. The aim of this chapter is to explore prevalent phenotypes in clinical settings and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance programs throughout the world.

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