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Social Capital Accounting: The Social Capital Protocol and the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals

Social Capital Accounting: The Social Capital Protocol and the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals
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Author(s): John P. Wilson (University of Sheffield, UK) and Sonal Choudhary (University of Sheffield, UK)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 40
Source title: Green Finance for Sustainable Global Growth
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Sang-Bing Tsai (University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Zhongshan Institute, China & Civil Aviation University of China, China & WUYI University, China), Chung-Hua Shen (Shih-Chien University, Taiwan), Hua Song (Renmin University of China, China) and Baozhuang Niu (South China University of Technology, China)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7808-6.ch005

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Abstract

Sustainability accounting has become a mainstream practice for a large majority of S&P500 companies, and this reflects global society's increasing interest and concern around sustainability issues. In particular, the United Nations published its “Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” and 193 countries signed up to achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 associated targets. The UN also called upon companies to help this process across their supply chains and developed a natural capital protocol for assessing and valuing environmental areas and a social capital protocol (SCP) for assessing and valuing human and societal capital such as skills, knowledge, wellbeing, shared values, and institutions. This chapter systematically investigates each of the 12 steps of the social capital protocol and identifies a range of benefits and substantial challenges which companies will face if they wish to account for their social impact across the supply chain.

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